• El precio de la priorización pagada: Las consecuencias internacionales y domésticas del fracaso de proteger la neutralidad en la red en los Estados Unidos
  • The price of paid prioritization : International and domestic consequences of failure to protect net neutrality in the United States
  • O preço da priorização paga: As consequências internacionais e domésticas da falha ao proteger a neutralidade da rede nos Estados Unidos
Arturo José Carrillo, Dawn Carla Nunziato

Resumen

En este artículo, examinamos primeramente las obligaciones del derecho internacional del comercio y de los derechos humanos de Estados Unidos en relación con la neutralidad en la red, para determinar hasta qué punto las dos últimas aproximaciones adoptadas por la FCC para promover una Internet libre y abierta cumplen con dichas obligaciones. También examinamos la historia de la regulación de los proveedores de banda ancha como common carriers sujetos a obligaciones de no-discriminación bajo la ley estadounidense. Concluimos que la nueva "Open Internet Order" de la FCC cumple, en términos generales, de forma exitosa las obligaciones internacionales de comercio y derechos humanos contraídas por Estados Unidos.

Abstract

In this Article, we first examine the trade and human rights obligations of the United States as they relate to net neutrality to determine the extent to which each of the two most recent approaches adopted by the FCC to promote an open Internet would comply with those obligations. We also examine the history of regulation of broadband providers as common carriers subject to nondiscrimination obligations under U.S. law. We conclude that the FCC has, by and large, successfully complied with its international trade and human rights obligations in its new Open Internet Order.

 

Abstrato

Neste artigo, examinamos em primer lugar as obrigações do direito internacional do comércio e dos direitos humanos dos Estados Unidos em relação à neutralidade da rede, para determinar até que ponto as duas últimas aproximações adoptadas pela FCC para promover uma internet livre e aberta cumpren com essas obrigações. Também examinamos a história da regulamentaçaõ dos fornecedores de banda larga como common carriers submetidos a obrigações de não discriminação sob a lei estado-unidense. Concluímos que a nova “Open Internet Order” da FCC cumpre com sucesso, em termos gerais, com as obrigações internacionais de comércio e de direitos humanos contraídas pelos Estados Unidos.

Palabras clave

neutralidad de internet, Orden de Internet Abierta, FCC, derecho internacional, derechos humanos

keywords

net neutrality, Open Internet Order, FCC, international law, human rights

Palavras-chave

Neutralidade da internet; Ordem de internet aberta; FCC; direito internacional; direitos humanos

Texto completo: PDF Epub Mobi

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DOI: 10.5354/0719-2584.2015.37846